Or, he said, the pla conditions could require contractors to hire 50 percent of their crews through the union. On February 6, 2009, President Barack Obama signed Executive Order 13502[1], which requires federal authorities to prescribe the use of AOPs in federal construction projects costing $25 million or more on a case-by-case basis. [29] The purpose of this law was to repeal the bush 13202 and 13208 implementing decrees eight years earlier, which had banned administration-ordered ASAs for federally and federally funded construction projects. [30] Obama`s injunction states that federal authorities can require a PLA if such an agreement achieves federal goals in terms of cost-effectiveness and efficiency. Under the terms of the arrangement, non-unionized contractors can compete for contracts that are subject to SPAs, but they must agree to the different conditions contained in each PLA to win a federal contract and build a project. [15] An important change from the 2001 regulations is that the Obama Regulation, by repealing Bush`s injunctions, allows recipients of federal funds, such as public, local and private owners, to mandate ASAs for public construction projects of all sizes. However, the injunction does not encourage or instruct recipients of federal aid to use a government-mandated People`s Liberation Army. [15] PDOs can also impact competition by discouraging non-union offers, according to studies such as a September 2001 Ernst & Young study commissioned by Erie County, New York. This study analysed the impact of SSAs on public works projects and concluded that the number of bidders for PLA projects had been reduced, as „the use of AAS severely hinders the participation of non-unionized contractors in public tenders“.

[125] In 2001, the Worcester Municipal Research Bureau wrote a report based on a series of studies on the use of PLA. The report states that the SAAs have reduced the number of bidders in construction projects and have resulted in savings of less than would be possible if contractors were able to work for staff in accordance with their usual agreements. [126] In March 1995, an ABC study on the cost of taxpayers at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York, evaluated bids for the same project, before and after the temporary introduction of a PLA in 1995. . . .