Under these agreements, double coverage and double dues are abolished for the same work. As a general rule, under these agreements, you are only subject to social security contributions in the country where you work. However, if you are temporarily sent to work in a foreign country and your salary would otherwise be subject to Social Security in the United States and that country, you can generally only remain covered by U.S. Social Security. Workers who have shared their careers between the United States and a foreign country may not be entitled to pensions, survivor benefits or disability insurance (pensions) from one or both countries because they have not worked long or recently enough to meet minimum conditions. Under an agreement, these workers may benefit from partially U.S. or foreign benefits on the basis of combined or „totalized“ coverage credits from both countries. However, those who are able to work legally in the United States for a year and a half after their arrival and who earn at least $1,470 per quarter (in 2021) can benefit from U.S. Social Security benefits as part of a totalization agreement with their home countries. The 5-year limit for leave for exempt workers is much longer than the limit normally set by agreements in other countries. The United States has similar totalization agreements with about two dozen other countries. International social security agreements are beneficial for both those who work today and those whose careers are over.

For current workers, the agreements eliminate the double contributions they might otherwise make to social security plans in the United States and another country. For people who have worked in the United States and abroad and are now retired, disabled or deceased, agreements often result in the payment of benefits to which the worker or family members would not otherwise be entitled. Select the country name from the following list to show the actual text of the agreement with that country. The agreements allow sSA to add U.S. and foreign coverage credits only if the worker has at least six-quarters of U.S. coverage. Similarly, a person may need a minimum amount of coverage under the foreign system to have U.S. coverage accounted for in order to meet the conditions for granting foreign benefits. Under these agreements, double coverage and double dues (taxes) for the same work are abolished. Agreements generally guarantee that you only pay social security contributions to one country.

The provisions to eliminate dual coverage for workers are similar in all U.S. agreements. Each of them establishes a basic rule regarding the location of the employment of a workforce. Under this basic rule of „territoriality,“ a worker who would otherwise be covered by the United States.