1.31 The scope of the review was limited to what is described in the previous paragraph. We did not examine the government`s compliance with international environmental agreements, the effectiveness of programs or ways to achieve their objectives, the pace or progress in addressing environmental issues, or the accuracy or quality of information used by departments. The context and difficulties of any agreement we have reviewed also differ, which is why we must be careful not to generalize our knowledge to all of Canada`s international environmental agreements. 1.6 In recent years, the federal government has launched a program to improve the effectiveness of public sector management and accountability and is committed to focusing more on results achieved through the use of public funds. In this context, we examined accountability for the results of five international agreements. Mitchell, R.B (2008). Evaluation of the performance of environmental institutions: what should be evaluated and how to evaluate them? In: O. Young, L. King, H. Schroeder (Eds.), Institutions and Environmental Change (p.

79-114). Cambridge: Mit Press. 1.13 In Canada, Parliament and Canadians do not always have adequate information on the progress made under our agreements. In our 1998 report, Chapter 2, Working Globally – Canada`s International Environmental Commitments, we noted that Canada does not always have an overview of how it works in implementing its international environmental commitments. 1.105 The agreement. The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, particularly as a Waterbird Habitat (the Ramsar Convention), was adopted in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971. The agreement entered into force internationally in 1975 and Canada became a contracting party in 1981. The member countries of the Convention have a total of 138 in May 2004 and represent all geographical regions of the world. Carraro, Carlo and Domenico Siniscalco (1993), „Strategies for the international protection of the environment,“ Journal of Public Economics, 52: 309-328. Vollenweider, J. The effectiveness of international environmental agreements.

Int About Agreements 13, 343-367 (2013). doi.org/10.1007/s10784-012-9193-y 1.76 The various information we examined do not provide sufficient guidance on the state of marine oil pollution. Transport Canada has also sought to gather information from the various marine pollution prevention programs, but has provided only limited evidence that it has analyzed the problem, assessed the effectiveness of existing prevention and surveillance programs, or clearly defined the expected environmental outcomes of these programs.